Introduction to Gemology

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What is Gemology

Gemology is the study of gemstones.

What is a Gemologist=

A gemologist is someone who studies gemstones.

What are gemstones

Gemstones are minerals, either organic or inorganic in nature. What seperates them from minerals in general is that they are used in jewelry. That is a very thin line of seperation, but usually we take 4 factors in account:

And ofcourse the 5th factor:

All the factors above are very subjective, for instance Amber has very poor durabilty, isn't very rare and in general not highly priced. Yet it is considered to be a gem. On the counterpart most Sapphire has good durability but is very unattractive and cheap. Only a small portion of all Sapphires mined are qualified as gemstones.